Surah Al-Hashr was revealed in Madina. It is the 59th Surah in the Holy Quran with 24 verses.
This Surah was revealed after the battle of Bani An-Nadhir. This was a battle fought against the Jews of Madina who started opposing Islam openly after the Battle of Badr.
|Surah Name||Surah Al-Hashr|
|No. of Verses||24|
|No. of Rukus||3|
Surah Al-Hashr opens with Allah proclaiming: (59:1) Whatsoever is in the heavens and whatsoever is on the earth glorifies Allah. And He is the Almighty, the All-Wise.
More About Jews:
The Jewish tribes that were settled in Madina were four in number. However, Banu Nazir and Banu Quraizah were the most prominent.
Before the arrival of Holy Prophet (P.B.U.H), there were also other tribes that lived in Madina. It was known as Yathrib before the migration of the Holy Prophet (P.B.U.H). At that time Jews were the ones who ruled over the green and fertile land of Yathrib.
As Yathrib was under Jewish domination, they, at the beginning, did not allow the Aus and Khazraj tribe to gain some control.
That is the reason why they settled on lands that were not yet been brought under cultivation. Therefore, they hardly produced for their own survival.
However, with the help of Ghassanide’s, they were able to gain complete dominance over Yathrib, forcing the Jews to establish their headquarters outside the city.
At that time the main features of the Jews position were as follows:
- They completely adopted Arabism in their way of life, language, dress and cultivation.
- They were much stronger than the Arabs economically as they had migrated from more civilized and culturally advanced countries like Palestine and Syria.
- They knew the ways that were unknown to the Arabs.
- They also did trade with the outside world which improved their business of importing grain in Yathrib and exporting dried dates to other countries.
- They also did poultry farming and fishing.
- They were very advanced in cloth weaving as well.
- They had set up shops in different areas where they sold wine that was imported from Syria.
- To maintain their control over Yathrib, they did not allow the Arabs to unite and kept them fighting against each other.
When Islam came to Yathrib, the first thing it created within the people was brotherhood and unity.
When the Jews witnessed the development of brotherhood within the people, they understood that they would not be able to create any discord between them.
Moreover, the Holy Prophet (P.B.U.H) had put an end to the unlawful and mutual dealings.
This made the Jews realize that it might be a disaster for their economy. This was the reason why the Jews had a national ideal of resistance and opposition to the Holy Prophet (P.B.U.H).
The first Jewish tribe that was exiled was Banu Qainuqa, who started to harass the Muslims openly after the Battle of Badr.
That is also how other tribes were exiled. They were the Jews who broke their treaty that was signed with the Holy Prophet (P.B.U.H).
Some of the Jews settled at the Khyber, a place near Madina, and some went to Syria.
Benefits of Surah Al-Hashr:
- It is narrated that whoever recites this Surah will be sent salutations from the angels, the Heavens, the Earth, the trees, the birds, the sun and the moon and these will pray for the forgiveness of his/her sins.
- The one who recites it will die as a martyr. If a person recites both Surah Al-Rahman and Surah Al-Hashr, then one angel will be assigned to protect him/her at all times.
- Drinking water in which Dam of this surah is done is good for memory and concentration.
- The recitation of this Surah makes the work easier.
- Its recitation helps a person to be successful in every work done.
Wazifa for Having Success in Every Work Done:
1. If four Raka’ats are offered with Surah Al-Hashr recited in it, then the person will be successful in every important work he does with the condition that it is not a sin.
2. If Surah Al-Hashr is recited for a time period of forty days without missing a day, then it will make even the hardest task easier.
Surah Al-Hashr is a Surah with which you gain success in every aspect of your life whenever you recite it. The person who recites it on a regular basis will be regarded as a martyr when he/she will die.