What is the meaning of supplication in Islam?

Dua (Supplication):

Dua means to ask Allah directly for something.  There is nothing that Allah cannot do, therefore Dua is basically the means of asking the creator.

Dua

Ask Allah to Grant His Blessings:

In Islam, Dua is termed as supplication and invocation; in which one humbly asks Allah to give something. One can ask something for himself/herself or on the behalf of someone other. For Muslims, supplication is a profound act of Allah’s worship.

The essence of Worship:

Allah says in Quran, Chapter 40 and Verse 60:

And your Lord says, “Call upon Me; I will respond to you.” Indeed, those who disdain My worship will enter Hell [rendered]contemptible.”

Quran Quotes

Hence, Allah asked His people to call out to Him. Additionally, Invocation is considered as the main essence of “Ibadat”.

What a tragedy, for dua is the most potent weapon of a believer. It can change fate, while no action of ours ever can. It is the essence of worship. With it we can never fail; without it, we can never succeed. In the proper scheme of things, dua should be the first and the last resort of the believer, with all his plans and actions coming in between.

In every difficulty, our first action is dua, as is our last. We ask Allah to show us the way to handle that difficulty; we seek His help in following the path He shows to us; we seek His aid in making our efforts successful.

We should remember the Hadith:

“There is nothing dearer to Allah than a servant making dua to Him.”

We should make dua at all times, not only during times of distress. The Prophet Muhammad (Peace Be Upon Him) said:

“Whosoever desires that Allah answers his dua in unfavorable and difficult conditions, he should make plentiful dua in days of ease and comfort.”

Also, he said:

“The person who does not ask from Allah, Allah becomes angry with him.”

We should ask for all of our needs: those related to this world as well as those related to the Hereafter.

“The dua of a Muslim for his brother (in Islam) in his absence is readily accepted. An angel is appointed to his side. Whenever he makes a beneficial dua for his brother the appointed angel says, ‘Aameen. And may you also be blessed with the same.'” [Sahih Muslim]

What to ask?

The two broad categories of what is asked include world and the religion. In Sahih al Bukhari, Hazrat Anas (May Allah be pleased with him) narrated:

“None of you should long for death because of a calamity that had befallen him, and if he cannot, but long for death, then he should say, ‘O Allah! Let me live as long as life is better for me, and take my life if death is better for me”

How to ask?

In order to get the status of “accepted for Supplication“, following conditions are to be met:

  • Sincerity
  • Tawassul
  • Patience
  • Purity
  • Good intentions
  • Attentive heart
  • Sustenance

Ultimately, the faith that Allah will give when there is the right time as He knows all is the key to make Invocation accepted.

Ask Allah Only:

In Islam, Muslims can only pray to Allah. As written in surah 7 and ayah 197:

“But those ye call upon besides Him, are unable to help you, and indeed to help themselves”

Once the Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W) said:

“Why don’t they make supplication to Allah for protection

Hence, Dua is a conversation between a Muslim and Allah, in which one asks for His help and protection. It is the most powerful weapon to beat all the struggles in life and hereafter.

However, it only works for who makes it with sincerity and faith.

dua hadith tirmidhiSource: Wikipedia